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Publications Related to what HHS / SOS Activities

  1. Waiswa, C and A. Rannalette (2010). Entrepreneurship Initiatives in
    the control of sleeping sickness: Experiences of the stamp out sleeping
    sickness in Uganda. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship 23(4): 555-464

  2. Waiswa, C and J.D. Kabasa (2010). Experiences on the use of In-Training Community Service model in the control of sleeping sickness in Uganda. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 37(3): 276–281



3V NETWORK MULTIPLIES TO GIVE BENEFIT BEYOND CONTROL SLEEPING SICKNESS

Summary
Since 2008, a lot of effort has been made to establish a network that can enable farmers access the drugs and chemicals that can benefit the control of sleeping sickness under the SOS framework. While efforts started with an initial sole focus on control of sleeping sickness, the current trend reveals benefits beyond enabling society participate in the control of sleeping sickness. Benfit todate include communities being able to access a veterinary services at farm level, creation of self employment by young veterinarians, paraveterinarians and other youth and interested people in the community plus the benefits that come with ability to earn a daily income in a homestead.

Table I: SOS 3V Phase I Engagement and network summary

Name of 3V and Territory

Sub-county

Number

Key Contributions

Dr. P. Opondo  Dokolo and North of Kaberamaido

Kwera

4

  • All these spray persons and village traders have been observed for a minimum period of 12 months and are stable in self empoloyment
  • They have been adding onto their skills through consultations with the 3V Vets
  • They are able to advise on deworming and good management practices
  • They serve as a reporting centre for the farmers in the village on any animal that needs veterinary attention
  • Their success serves as an incentive for more people to get engaged in spray and animal health care activities as a small business
  • They use money earned to take children to school and support family needs
  • They are able to employ other villagers to work in their gardens at a fee while they go to do the spray activities
  • Some have built houses, acquired a bicycle or even a motorcycle

Kangai

3

Dokolo

6

Agwata

3

Bata

1

Otuboi

4

Anyara

1

Alwa

3

Markets

1

Dr. Wangwe Ronald

Kalaki

2

Kaberamaido T/Cl

2

Alwa

6

Kaberamaido

2

Kobulubulu

2

Markets

3

Aputi

1

Awero

1

Amolatar T/C

1

Kadie

1

Katine

1

Ochero

2

Dr. Ronald Were: Apac Territory

Akalo

1

Nyambieso

6

Abongomola

2

Aduku

3

Chawente

2

HHS: Apac North and Lira

Lira municipality, Aloi, Barr

6

Chegere

1

Ibuje

3

Akokoro

1

Note:

  • TOTAL of 75 Spray Persons actively engaged with the 3V network on atleast a weakly basis
  • Areas of operation in many cases Overlap
  • All these persons maintain constant use / retailing of Vectocid and frequent use of Veriben B12.
  • A good number is now getting used to Veridium
  • All these Persons are currently active

A Follow up of the benefits by one of the 3Vs
Sam Ojuka who features in the initial video did not have spraying as one of the routine activities although he was a community animal health work who used to help farmers in his neighborhood when need arose. The initiation of the 3V system and his being identified as a spray person has led to substantial transformations in his life. With support from the young veterinarians and later from HHS, after two years as a spray person, he was able to complete and shift to his new house from the grass thatched house (Figure Ia)

Figure 1: Sam Ojuka and his family will never be the same again

 

Ojuka and his family         a)                                                                                                   b)                                                                             c)              

With a family and children to take to school, care for health etc, spray persons benefit from the personal attention (Figure 1b) given by the 3Vs and the HHS. Those who take the advise are able to move from use of bicycle to motorcycle (Figure 1c). Refer to Sam Ojuka on his bicycle in the SOS video in 2008/2009 compared to these pictures taken HHS in 2010 on one of their supervisory and drugs/chemicals supply visit.

Figure 2: Deepening the spray network by establishing access points at village level and giving protective wear to serve as identification for the 3Vs and spray persons

spray network          a)                                                                                        b)                                                                               c)                          

John Banya (Figure 2b) is able to serve the community with vectocid from his operation area and has a network of atleast 3 spray persons one of whom is his son (Figure 2a) and the others selected from the community

Identifying with the successful spray persons and dressing them up is a priority for High Heights  (Figure 2c) as long as they are able to utlise atleast one litre of vetocid in a month thus making a minimum of Ushs 102,000 for themselves. Cummulatively, 75 litres of vetcocid is marketed in this framework on a monthly basis, enabling 75,000 cattle or more to receive RAP spray on a monthly basis through this network alone which contributes heavily to the control of sleeping sickness.
In addition to the creation of over 75,000 mobile tsetse targets, a similar number of cattle also benefits from the tick control that comes along and reduction in the major tick borne diseases risk which translates in the increase of production. Although the benefit in the reduction of the risk of ECF, Babesiosis, Anaplasmosis and Heart water is yet to be quantified, the fact that farmers continue to chose vectocid form the spray implies that they have been able to note the benfits of its use.

Figure 3: Creation of Employment Opportunities for Paraveterinarians

Paraveterinarians             a)                                                                                   b)                                                                         c)

When the volume of work increased, it became clear that each 3V needed an assistant at the shop. Todate 11 paravets are employed full time at the 11 3V outlets (Figure 3a) that have been established with support through the 3V initiative. Succesful spray persons have also been able to set up access points and employ some youth to help at the access point (Figure 3b)
Also being monitored are the expansion initiatives by the 3Vs by putting up an extra three outlets which offers more two parvets jobs and will bring the number of beneficiaries of this category to 14. This enables more educational activities to be taken by the 3V to places like markets as earlier designed (Figure 3c, Waiswa and Rannalette, 2010)

Self Employment
The 3V system has created over 100 self employed veterinarians, parveterinarians and spray persons who are engaged full time in the spray business. After stabilizing their businesses, two of the 3Vs have also offered to take up two year contracts with local Governments of Oyam (Dr. Were) and Busia (Dr. Opondo) where they have established 3V shops and are also engaged in advising farmers in the field of animal health.

Beneficiaries from the 3V inititative
In addition to the easily accessible veterinary inputs and service rendered to the farmers who own over 500,000 livestock (cattle, small ruminants, pigs) and more the 150,000 poultry, the 3V initiative has benefited the over 500 dependants of the families of the veterinarians, parveterinarians and spray persons. This number will double within the next three months after creation of the spray partners in the phase II area of Soroti. Confesions from the partners across the spectrum focus mainly on the increased ability to support children and relatives with school fees leave alone the increased financial capacity to cater for the health of the family members.

Beginning of Phase II

Beneficiaries from the 3V inititative

APPENDICES

Appendix I: Dr. Opondo Pump Spray People and village access points

No

Name

Sub-county/Area of operation

Parish of Residence

Remarks

1

Oceka Bonny

Kwera and Kangai

Aneralibi (Kwera)

Areas of operation in many cases Overlap

All these persons maintain constant use / retailing of Vectocid and frequent use of Veriben B12.

A good number is now getting used to Veridium

All these Persons are currently active

2

Omoro Tomson

Dokolo and Amwoma

Amwoma

3

Odur Sam

 Kwera and Kangai

Aneralibi

4

Akope Ellington

Kwera and Kangai

Aneralibi 

5

Ayang Denis

Bata and Amac

Atabu (Bata)

6

Ongom Francis

Agwata, Abongomola and Nambieso

Amuda (Agwata )

7

Ocen Alfred

Dokolo and Otuboi

Awiri

8

Obote Dan

Dokolo and Abako

Agwecbangi (Dokolo)

9

Omo Francis

Dokolo and Agwata

Iguli

10

Ogwal Jasper

Agwata and  Kwera

Apenyiweo (Kwera)

11

Omong Tom

Dokolo and Amwoma

Iguli

12

Adok Peter

Kwera and Kangai

Aneralibi (Kwera)

13

Otim Willy

Dokolo and Kangai

Aturu (Dokolo)

14

Ogwang Peter

Dokolo and Alenga

Iguli

15

Owani Moses

Dokolo

Iguli

16

Acari George

Bata and Anyara

Okwalongweni (Bata)

17

Otim Jasper

Kwera

Apyenyanga

18

Ocua Moses

Amwoma and Dokolo

Amwoma

19

Odur B’Leo

Nambieso and Agwata

Agwiciri (Agwata)

20

Epesu Charles

Alwa and Otuboi

Oryamo (Alwa)

21

Ewech David

Alwa (Abalang Area)

Oryamo

22

Amanu Simon

Lwala/ Otuboi

Lwala

23

Emenyu Simon

Lwala/ Otuboi

Lwala

24

Etengu Peter

Alwa, Kaberemaido and Dokolo

Abenyo (Alwa)

25

Ogwang Julius

Alwa

Abenyo

26

Onyinge David

Ochero, and Chwagere Markets

Kobulubulu (Kaberemaido)

 

Appendix II: HHS Spray persons and village access points: Apac south and Lira

Name

Sub-county

Number of spray persons and access points

Dr. Okwir Wilson DVO Lira

Lira municipality, Aloi, Barr

6

Sam Ojuka

Chegere

3

John

Ibuje

1

Dr. Charles Opeto

Akokoro

1

Appendix III: Dr. Wangwe spray persons/village access points

AME

SUB-COUNTY

COMMENT

Opio Peter

Kalaki

Some of these have established drug shops and serve as a source for drugs for their farmers and spray pump people

Ejangu Moses

Katine

Odongo and Okello

Otuboi market

Enamu Francis

Kadie

Epoku Francis

Kalaki

Ozeik Drug shop

Kaberamaido town council

Kumam Vet Drug shop

Kaberamaido town council

Elonyu Peter

Ochero

Onyinge David

Ochero

Oledo Jasper

Aputi

Dr.Olum Peter

Awelo

3V Vet Drug shop

Amolatar town council

Epesu Charles

Alwa

Ewec David

Alwa

Etengu Peter

Alwa

Otedo

Alwa

Ejika Simon

Alwa

Ogwang Julius

Alwa

Elyebu Julius

Kaberamaido

Ecweu Moses

Kaberamaido

Ewanu William

Kobulubulu

Odiope Silvester

Kobulubulu

Ekongu Robert

Ochero

Appendix IV: Dr. Were Spray Persons and village access points

No

Name

Sub-county

Inference

1

Ekak Desmond

Nambieso

  • Has given some business
  • Got an overall

2

Opio Thomson

Nambieso

3

Ogwal Obanga Moses

Nambieso

4

Ogwal Benard

Nambieso

5

Opio Jackson

Nambieso

6

Ayo Nelson

Nambieso

7

Odur B’Leo

Abongomola

8

Alia Jasper

Abongomola

9

Oleke Walter

Aduku

10

Ocen Lawrence Kato

Aduku

11

Omuno Joel

Aduku

12

Obonyo Robinson

Chawente

13

Felix Pule

Chawente

14

Opio Aria

Akalo


   
   
   
     
 
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